2007-2011: European development and trade policy

Just Budgets: Budgeting for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment, published 2011.

A Practical tool.Download the poster in English and in Spanish. The toolkit has been developed by One World Action and made available in Spanish by WIDE.

EU Donors under Women’s Watch – WIDE Checks up on Gender Equality and Women’s Rights in the Aid Effectiveness Agenda on the Road to Busan 2011, published in 2011.

This report maps the degree to which European Union donors from Austria, Netherlands, Poland, Spain and the UK comply with the commitments they made in the Paris Declaration and the Accra Agenda for Action, and the impact this has on gender equality and women´s human rights.While each of the five Paris Declaration principles offers concrete opportunities to advance the gender profile, the report focuses on democratic ownership and mutual accountability as the most political and with the biggest potential to reduce the gaps and empower women. The WIDE-check is about the intentions and actions of donors, not about the concrete results in developing countries.The report highlights positive cases and initiatives, criticises the gaps, and points out the opportunities for improvements, reflecting the evidence-based voices of women´s organisations from the EU. The countries reviewed in the report were selected on the basis of WIDE membership and the platforms´ engagement in the aid and development effectiveness process.

Download EU Donors Under Womens Watch

EU-India Free Trade Agreement: People’s Lives and Livelihoods at Threat!, published in 2010

WIDE Policy Paper on EU-India Free Trade Agreement. Edited by Barbara Specht. WIDE paper on EU-India FTA 2010

Keep Women’s Rights Alive!, published in 2010

WIDE´s Policy Paper on women´s rights and gender justice in the context of the Beijing +15 Review. Edited by: Susanna Jussila. WIDE B+15 final 2010

Development Effectiveness? EU Donor Division of Labour and Gender Equality in Southern Countries, published in 2010

Lois Woestman analyses two key elements of official aid effectiveness practices: division of labour and harmonisation. She assesses these processes which are intended to reduce transactions costs and enable more money to reach the people on the ground who need it. Woestman examines whether aideffectiveness processes have helped European Union (EU) donors meet theircommitments to promote gender equality and women´s empowerment. Read here.

The Mobilisation of Gender Equality and Women´s Rights Organisations towards Accra: Actions, Strategies, Successes and Challenges, published in 2009

This publication aims to document crucial and key alliance among women´s rights organisations around the aid effectiveness agenda by analysing the different processes and actions that took place, the strengths and weaknesses found during the process, as well as providing lessons for the challenges of the future. Download the pdf version of this publication from Mobilisation_Towards_ACCRA 2009.

Trade Liberalisation, Gender Equality, Policy Space: the case of the contested EU-India FTA, published in 2009

In the context of the multidimensional crises and the restructuring of economic and political power relations, a fresh look at trade policies between the EU and India and at the nexus of social justice, gender, development and trade is necessary. Christa Wichterich and Kalyani Menon-Sen explore social and gender justice dimensions of the EU-India Free Trade Agreement negotiations.

Download the electronic version of this paper EU INDIA 09 WIDE.

Engendering EU General Budget Support: gender responsive budgeting as a tool for fostering gender equality in EU partner countries, published in 2009.

The purpose of this briefing paper written by Lois Woestman, is to contribute to the capacity building of women organizations and gender advocates, and promote their involvement in Aid Effectiveness processes. It is one of a series of briefing papers developed by WIDE on aid effectiveness from a European gender perspective.


A critical review of the Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment for the Free Trade Agreement between the EU and the Republic of India from a gender perspective, published in 2009

A critical review of the Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment for the Free Trade Agreement between the EU and the Republic of India from a gender perspective. Download WIDE SIA Briefing .

‘Trade – A Driving Force for Jobs and Women´s Empowerment? Focus on China and India’, published in 2009

Christa Wichterich counters the mainstream argument that trade has the potential to be a driving force for jobs and for women´s empowerment. Download Gender_and_Trade FES

Financing for Development and Women Rights: a critical review´, published in 2009

In the last decade, the way in which development is conceptualised and implemented has changed significantly, and so have the political contexts in which this implementation takes place. This has had implications on how gender equality and women´s empowerment is being achieved. The publication reviews the current debates about development, as well as the background for this new aid architecture, and analyses the international frameworks for financing for development and women rights, as well as governments´ commitments for resources. It also summarises and analyses all the contributions to the aid effectiveness agenda from a gender perspective.

The publication was written by Carmen de la Cruz and has been translated from Spanish into English. To download, financingfordevelopment2009translationcarmendelacruz.

Conditionalities undermine the right to development: an analysis based on Women’s and Human Rights perspective, published in 2008

Conditionalities undermine the Right to Development: an analysis based on a Women´s and Human Rights perspective was published by the Association for Women´s Rights in development (AWID), in assosiation with WIDE, DAWN and IGTN. Download the publication CONDITIONALITIES web book.

WIDE Annual Conference Report 2008: “Feminist Visions for a Just Europe”.

In 2008 WIDE held its ´Conference on Feminist Visions for a Just Europe´ at the Peace Palace in The Hague, hosted by WO=MEN, the WIDE Dutch Gender Platform. The conference examined Europe´s role in the world, viewed through the lens of women´s rights, development and gender justice. Increasingly finance-led development, growing inequality and deepening ecological crisis makes it critical that European women working in development ensure that Europe contributes responsibly to the creation of a new, just and peaceful world order. The WIDE Annual Conference reflected on what role feminists and networks such as WIDE need to play in this process. The focus was on existing European policies for decent work and living conditions for women worldwide in a context of globalisation, feminisation and informalisation of labour, migration and changing aid structures. The conference analysed, strategised and debated not only these current policies but also the feminist alternatives that are emerging in the West, South and East that must shape a feminist approach to global social and economic justice.The report highlights the presentations of key note speakers, as well as discussions in plenary and paralell sessions.

You can access the annual conference report by clicking WIDEfinal2008.

“Fierce, Fair and Unfair Competition: the EU-China trade and its gender implications”, Updated Version, Christa Wichterich, WIDE June 2008

This report on the EU-China partnership and co-operation relations comes in a series of political analysis of EU trade agreements with countries in the South from a gendered perspective. China remains to a large extent a blind spot in the gendered analysis of neoliberal globalization. Only a few in-depth studies on women workers in export production have been published recently. In particular, the service sector and care economies are unknown territories which are, however, being increasingly affected by transnational trade regimes.

This is the revised and updated version of a paper written at the beginning of 2007, which will hopefully contribute to a constructive dialogue between CSO and policymakers in the EU. Transnational democratic spaces have to be opened for voices and resistance which link gender justice and global economic justice. To Download WIDE EU CHINA – FINAL 2008

“The Treaty of Lisbon from a gender perspective: changes and challenges”, Laura Bisio and Alessandra Cataldi, WIDE 2008

This briefing paper aims to present the main innovations in terms of institutional changes, policy perspectives and priorities that the Treaty of Lisbon is going to introduce if it is ratified by the Member States of the European Union (EU). The analysis focuses in particular on how the Treaty affects the dimension of citizenship, human rights and gender mainstreaming.

You can download this paper by clicking Lisbon Treaty FINAL 2008.

‘Key Feminist Concerns regarding core labour standards, decent work and corporate social responsibility’, Anja K. Franck, WIDE June 2008

‘Labor standards’ are established by the International Labour Organization conventions and implemented by national governments. A limited number of labor standards have been estalished as the ‘Core Labor Standards’ (CLS) that apply to all ILO members. A ‘social clause’ refers to the inclusion of labor issues in trade agreements. ‘Voluntary measures’ refer to voluntary corporate social responsability measures for private corporations. The opposition to including compulsory labor standards within the multilateral framework has made it increasingly popular to include them in bilateral and regional free trade negotiations. The EU has set out to include it as a part of the sustainable development section in its ongoing and future free trade agreements.

This paper aims to discuss the gendered nature of these measures, to highlight the implications for women workers in developing countries. The paper is mainly a study of the available literature within academia as well as relevant official documents and material from non-governmental organizations. To download: here.

WIDE Annual Conference report 2007 ‘New aid, expanding trade: what do women have to say?’

WIDE’s Annual Conference 2007 on “New aid, expanding trade: what do women have to say?”, hosted by the Gender and Development Working Group of the Spanish Platform of Development NGOs (CONGDE) set up an important series of questions and concerns for all women working in gender, trade, development and social justice. The conference brought together women´s organisations from all over the world, North, South and East to examine how ongoing reforms on trade, financial mechanisms, and development are linked, and to advocate for change. The Spanish platform (CONGDE) who co-hosted the meeting with WIDE provided not only an excellent work space but also a convivial atmosphere of solidarity where reflections on women´s contribution to different development processes and strategies for alternative visions for feminist ways forward could flourish.

CONFERENCE REPORT 2007. And the report in Spanish.

EU Bilateral and Regional Free Trade Agreements: bringing women to the centre of the debate, WIDE November 2007

In view of the unlikely conclusions of the World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations before the end of 2008, the European Union´s (EU) attention has increasingly shifted towards concluding a new generation of comprehensive and competitiveness-driven bilateral and regional free trade agreements (FTAs) with key partners. At the end of November 2008, WIDE held a successful and intensive one-day consultation “EU bilateral and regional free trade agreements: Bringing women to the centre of the debate”. The consultation analysed the objectives of the EU trade strategy in relation to development, poverty eradication and its impact on women´s rights, entitlements and livelihoods. These were examined in relation to the current trade negotiations in Asia, the Middle East, Ukraine and Central America. This report of the consultation provides a good overview of the processes and a gender analysis of the potential impact in different geographical regions. Interestingly, although the negotiations are at different stages in these regions the case studies indicate many similarities in relation to the potential impact on women of free trade agreements

To download: WIDEEUBILATERAL2007.

Who decides – Gender mapping the European Union´s policy and decision-making in the areas of development, external relations and trade,
Maria Karadenizli, WIDE November 2007

This publication provides an analysis of the role that key European Union institutions ­ the Council of Ministers, the European Commission (EC), the EC Delegations, and the European Parliament (EP) ­ play in the definition of policy priorities in the areas of development, external relations and trade. The study critically analyses the role of these actors in the formulation, implementation and monitoring of development programmes in the countries of the South, as well as in negotiations on trade agreements at international, regional and bilateral levels.

To download: WHO DECIDES def2007.

Economic growth without social justice: EU­-India trade negotiations and their implications for social development and gender justice´,
Christa Wichterich, WIDE, November 2007

This paper attempts to place the EU-India FTA negotiations in their historical and topical context, and questions the coherence between the development aid agenda on the one hand, and the trade and investment agenda on the other. Does it still hold true what the European Commission stated in 1996 aiming at enhancing the EU-India partnership: “The European Union firmly believes that social development must be a parallel objective to economic development”? Exploring the main interests behind the FTA on both sides, the paper asks whether considerations regarding social inclusion, poverty eradication, and gender equality are informing trade policy-making. It looks at trade liberalisation and the FTA procedures through the prism of social justice and human development. Since bilateral trade negotiations are held in great secrecy, the paper wishes to provide civil society actors in the EU and India with background information and to build their capacity to engage critically in policy-making on trade and development and in transregional networking.

To download: WIDE EU INDIA NEW 2007.

Competition, the EU-China Trade Race and its Gender Implications’,

Christa Wichterich, WIDE, February 2007

Against the backdrop of China´s economic transformation and the re-invention of gender inequalities in the “socialist” market economy, this paper explores the gender implications of the Chinese trade race and the EU´s push for further rapid liberalisation by focussing on the trade-labour and the trade-equality nexus. To download: EU-China 2007.

WIDE Briefing Paper: “Gender Indicators for monitoring Trade Agreements”, Irene van Staveren, February 2007. To download Staveren gender indicators feb 2007.

Factsheets EU Free trade agreements and their impact on women:
-Naty Bernadino, ‘Gender Implications of the European Union – ASEAN Free Trade Agreement WIDE Factsheet’, November 2007. EU-ASEAN gender factsheet2007
-Tessa Mackenzie, ‘Gender Implications of the European Union – Central America association agreement WIDE Factsheet’, November 2007. EU-CA gender factsheet2007.
-Oksana Kisselyova, ‘Gender Implications of the European Union ­- Ukraine trade Relations WIDE Factsheet’, November 2007. EU-Ukraine gender factsheet2007

WIDE-FEMNET paper: ‘Trade integration and foreign direct investment from a gender perspective, including recommendations for the EU-Africa strategic partnership for Africa’s Development“, Roselynn Musa from FEMNET and Bénédicte Allaert from WIDE, November 2007, WIDEFEMNETPAPER2007.

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