Resources, Newsletter 4, December 2015

New Report ‘Women, Weapons & War: a gendered critique of multilateral instruments’

This publication published by WILPF considers synergies—and contradictions—related to gender and women in a number of multilateral resolutions, treaties, and commitments on conventional weapons and women’s rights and participation.

ACHPR report of the study on the situation of Women Human Rights Defenders in Africa

The African Commission on Human & People’s Rights (ACHPR) published its report that assesses the legal context for Women Human Rights Defenders in Africa and the serious challenges they face. It recommends States which are the Parties to the African Charter on Human Rights, but also the international community, the African Commission, the national human rights institutions, human rights defenders and civil society to contribute to the protection and promotion of women human rights defenders. 

WHO report concludes maternal deaths almost halved over part 25 Years

The number of maternal deaths worldwide dropped 43% between 1990 and 2015, says a report by the World Health Organization and World Bank. “Over the past 25 years, a woman’s risk of dying from pregnancy-related causes has nearly halved,” says Flavia Bustreo, WHO’s assistant director-general for family, women’s and children’s health. However, only nine countries achieved the Millennium Development Goal of reducing maternal deaths by 75%, the report says.

CONCORD policy paper on Policy Coherence for Development (PCD)

This paper is a comparative study that provides a picture of the stage of advancement of 27 Member States in terms of PCD institutional mechanisms and national commitments.

IOM Publication ‘Harnessing Knowledge on the Migration of Highly Skilled Women’

Between 2000 and 2011, the number of tertiary-educated migrant women in OECD countries rose by 80 per cent. While some of these women migrate independently, most are pushed to do so by a combination of economic, institutional and personal factors, including reasons related to marriage, family reunification or accompaniment, and international protection. Many migration policies targeting the highly skilled are inadequate as regards their level of gender sensitivity. Admission programmes, for example, are often biased towards occupations that are traditionally held by men. In destination countries, a major integration challenge faced by highly skilled migrant women is persistent unemployment (and therefore general deskilling).

Research paper ‘Can mothers challenge extremism?’

This research published by Women Without Borders/SAVE: Sisters Against Violent Extremism sheds light on how mothers look at the threat of radicalization to their children and how they view their role in protecting them: what they fear, whom they trust, and what they need. The findings of this study across five regions with a history and presence of violent extremism showcase for the first time the potential of mothers to safeguard their children on the home front.

The tenth CONCORD AidWatch Report ‘Looking to the future, don’t forget the past aid beyond 2015′

The report finds that:
* As a group, the EU remains well short of the target having spent 0.42% of its GNI on aid, with only four of 28 Member States meeting the 0.7% target.
* Only 4 EU countries are meeting aid targets: Luxembourg, Sweden, Denmark and the UK.
* Aid budgets are increasingly being used to cover refugee and asylum seekers costs.
* EU aid is still seen by many as a tool to drive policy change or liberalization in partner countries – much aid remains directly tied or comes with a ‘suggested’ policy agenda.

FAO study ‘Running Out of Time: The Reduction of Women’s Work Burden in Agricultural Production’

Based on a broad literature review, this publication discusses rural women’s time poverty in agriculture, elaborates on its possible causes and implications and provides insight into the various types of constraints that affect the adoption of solutions for reducing work burden. This paper raises questions about the adequacy of women’s access to technologies, services and infrastructure and about the control women have over their time, given their major contributions to agriculture. A gender-transformative approach at community and household level is suggested as a way forward to promote women’s increased control over the allocation of their time.

Case Study around involving men in care work

Despite abundant evidence about their importance, unpaid care work and unequal division of labour between women and men are largely invisible in development policy and programmes. This case study of a value chain development (VCD) programme in Uganda argues that it is possible to change gender norms and relations that have existed for generations, and that this improves development outcomes significantly – but it takes deliberate effort and planning.

From the field: how to come to Women’s Meaningful Participation in Building Peace & Security

This research and action project was launched in the context of the 15th anniversary of UNSCR 1325, to discover the deep-rooted obstacles to women’s participation in peace and security efforts. Highlighting and reflecting the experiences and voices of the project partners, the project explores the specific work of participants, including their assessment of successes and challenges to their peace work. Drawing on these perspectives, the project provides action-oriented recommendations for governments, international organizations, and NGO colleagues.

Women’s Prospects keeps being limited by law, finds World Bank Study

Legal barriers to the economic advancement of women are widespread, shutting them out of certain jobs, limiting their access to credit, and leaving them unprotected against violence in many economies around the world, says the World Bank Group’s Women, Business and the Law 2016 report.

The report, which examines laws that impede women’s employment and entrepreneurship, finds that women face job restrictions in 100 of the 173 economies monitored. Only half of the economies covered have paternity leave, and less than a third have parental leave, limiting men’s ability to share childcare responsibilities. In 30 economies, married women cannot choose where to live and in 19 they are legally obligated to obey their husbands.

These and a range of other disparities monitored by the report have far-reaching consequences, negatively affecting not only women themselves, but their children, their communities, and their countries’ economies. The report counts nearly 950 instances of gender inequality, under 7 indicators.